Tag Archives: Temptation

Noah’s Sin, Ham’s Sin, And The Curse Of Canaan

"Drunken Noah" (Michelangelo - Sistine Chapel)

“Noah began to be a man of the soil, and he planted a vineyard. He drank of the wine and became drunk and lay uncovered in his tent. And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father and told his two brothers outside.” (Genesis 9:20-22 ESV)

There are quite a few things that we can learn from this singular incident recorded about Noah’s life after the Flood. First, it is noteworthy that this incident is the only thing that we read about Noah after he builds his altar to the Lord and makes his sacrifices upon it. Verse 28 tells us that he lived another 350 years after the Flood, yet this is the sole incident that the Word of God records during that entire time. What a powerful reminder of how our sins so often carry a legacy that remains far after we would have ever imagined they would. We should always remember that the indiscretions that we give into during a brief moment of passion can bring lingering and lasting consequences. When we are in Christ, our sins are forgiven and our eternal Salvation is not forfeited, but there are many times that our sinful behaviors carry unintended repercussions that can cause us great sorrow for a long time.

Sin Is Still A Problem

Lest we think that the judgment of the Flood remedied the problem of sin and changed the hearts of men- turning them from their sinful ways- this passage records not one but two offenses. Noah, who had been called “a just man” and “perfect in his generations” (Gen. 6:9), drinks the wine of his vineyard to the point of passing out in a drunken stupor. Regardless of how close God’s people walk with Him, no matter how long they serve Him in this world, until we put off this flesh and dwell forever in His presence in the age to come, we remain susceptible to the temptations of sin. Why? Because sin comes from the heart of man. Sin comes from the desires of the flesh which we are never separated from during this life.

In addition to Noah’s drunkenness, we are also told of his son Ham’s impropriety. Ham saw his father’s nakedness and told his two brothers (verse 22).

What Exactly Was Ham’s Sin?

There has been much speculation about what it was specifically that Ham did that would be sinful in this matter. All sorts of immoral, lewd, and perverted misdeeds have been suggested in order to explain where Ham went wrong. Personally, I think that it reflects more on the twisted imaginations of the commentators who read such innuendos into the text rather than bringing clarity to the narrative. I see no reason to surmise that anything else happened other than what the Bible says happened: Ham saw his father naked, passed out in drunkenness, and he went and told Shem and Japheth about it. So what was the problem with what he did?

It has always been the practice of the unrepentant to mock and ridicule the people of God when they fall into temptation. They rejoice and revel in the failures of those who seek to live a godly life and obey the Lord. Accusations of “hypocrisy” are hurled, even today, by those of the world whenever a servant of the Lord stumbles in their walk with Christ. Shem and Japheth sought to cover up their father’s shame, they wanted to uphold his integrity even in his moment of weakness. They knew that they were not beyond temptation themselves and, rather than joining in with Ham’s celebration of their godly father’s missteps, they reverently covered Noah’s nakedness and refused to look upon his humiliation. Sadly, just as it was a member of Noah’s own family who was quick to delight in his disobedience, it is so often those in our own “family” of the Body of Christ who are the first to run and tell others of our indiscretions rather than helping us put our garments back on.

Why Was Canaan Cursed?

"Noah Cursing Canaan" (Gustave Doré)

“And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son had done unto him. And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren.” (Genesis 9:24-25)

It seems a little confusing at first glance that Noah, after he awakens from his sleep and learns what was done to him by Ham, proceeds to pronounce a curse on Canaan, Ham’s son. Why should Canaan be punished for the sins of his father? I think that there are two reasons that the Bible records this the way that it does:

1.) It Was A Prophecy More Than A “Curse”

Noah does not say anything along the lines of, “Because of what was done to me: cursed be Canaan…”

His words are meant to be interpreted as prophetic rather than punitive. Like father, like son – the old saying goes, and that is the point being made here. Canaan and his descendants after him would be guilty of displaying this same attitude toward God’s people and would, therefore, earn the curse of God upon themselves, as well. Rather than humble themselves before the hand of God and turn to Him in repentance, the Canaanites would make it a habit to mock, scorn, and defy the children of Israel as they later would enter into the land of Canaan. In reality, they were guilty of mocking God Himself because it was not the ability of the people of God that was ridiculed, but the ability of God to act on their behalf. It is really the same thing today when the skeptic mocks and ridicules the Christian: he is not attacking the person himself so much as he is disparaging God’s ability to move in that person’s life.

2.) Relevance

The second reason that the passage records the curse upon Canaan is for the very simple fact that the Book of Genesis was originally written by Moses to the children of Israel, as they were preparing to move into the land that God had promised them – namely, Canaan. We are not told how the Lord dealt with Ham for what he had done because, frankly, it was not relevant for the Israelites to know, nor is it really any of our concern. Ham’s name is not mentioned in chapter 9 apart from the statement that he was the father of Canaan. Ham was of no relevance to the children of Israel, but Canaan sure was! It was crucial for them to know that they were dealing with an enemy that bore the curse and judgment of God upon them.

To Jesus Christ goes all glory. In service to Him,


[This post was originally published November 8, 2009]

**Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations in this post are taken from the King James Version (KJV) Bible

**English Standard Version (ESV)

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. ESV® Permanent Text Edition® (2016). Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.

[If you do not know the Lord Jesus Christ or you are not certain where you are headed when this life ends, I invite you to read the article “Am I Going To Heaven?“]


God: The Perfect Judge

GavelFor most people, our first natural response when we are confronted concerning our own guilty actions is to place the blame somewhere else. Rather than bear the brunt of total responsibility, it is our tendency to want to implicate other people or circumstances to explain why we did what we did.

Adam and Eve did just that when God confronted them about their disobedience to Him. Adam blamed Eve, and actually God Himself for giving him Eve, and Eve blamed the devil (Genesis 3:12-13). Rather than take full responsibility for their sin, they sought to excuse their behavior by the misdeeds of another. God was giving them a chance to confess what they had done, but they were more interested in offering an alibi.

Mankind hasn’t changed much since the Garden of Eden. It is still within our human nature to want to shirk the blame for our actions by blaming someone else. Criminal lawyers in civil courts will argue fervently about how their client is not truly to blame for his crime because someone else enticed him to do it. Or his background, heredity, upbringing, and substance addiction (which itself is deemed a “disease” over which the person has absolutely no control) all contributed to what he did and he should, therefore, be considered innocent of his crimes. It seems the only time most people will accept full responsibility and “plead guilty” is when they believe that doing so will lessen the penalty for their actions.

“For all have sinned, and fall short of the glory of God,” (Romans 3:23)

We should notice, however, that such attempts to sway God’s judgments are useless. We might be able to fool human judges into believing that we bear no culpability concerning our misdeeds, but God knows our very hearts. He knows our every thought and motive. God’s judgments are perfect because He alone has all the facts and knows all of the circumstances. And what is His verdict? We are all guilty of sin (Rom. 3:9, 23), we are all guilty as charged.

Adam and Eve believed that God would hold them blameless because they were tempted and enticed by another into disobeying Him. God listened patiently as they offered up their excuses and then proceeded to judge them accordingly. The devil was judged for his part in their sin, but that did not relieve them of their responsibility. Adam was not judged because Eve gave him the fruit, he was judged because he chose to accept what she gave him and ate it of his own free will (Gen. 3:17).

We will all stand before God, the Perfect Judge, one day to explain our own actions. Either our rewards for service to Christ will be in question; for those who have made Him their Lord and Savior, or our eternal destiny will be on trial; for those who have not. It is doubtless that every imaginable excuse will be given on that day and the blame shifting and finger pointing will be incredible. God will again listen patiently as alibis are offered, but in the end every mouth will be stopped and all will stand guilty (Rom. 3:19). Now is the time to confess our sins, accept full responsibility for our actions, and receive the forgiveness of God and not His perfect judgment!

To Jesus Christ goes all glory. In service to Him,


[This post was originally published August 27, 2009]

**Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations are taken from the New American Standard Bible (NASB) © The Lockman Foundation and are used by permission.

[If you do not know the Lord Jesus Christ or you are not certain where you are headed when this life ends, I invite you to read the article “Am I Going To Heaven?“]

How Temptation Works

Temptation of Christ (Ary Scheffer, 1854)In the third chapter of the Book of Genesis, we see the first example of the devil tempting a human being to disobey God. If we look closely at specifically what happens in verses 1-6, we can learn a lot about the method that the devil used and still uses today.

We saw in verse 1 that the very first step that he takes is to call into question the Word of God. Did God really say what you think that He said? In other words, his first objective is to undermine the authority of God’s Word on which the child of God stands. How often could we escape temptation’s snare if we would simply stand firm on the Word of God and end the matter right then and there. But we do not always do this. We allow the shadow of doubt to be cast across our faith and begin to agree with the enemy and question the Word that we have received from the Lord.

Denying The Consequences

The second step is to deny or marginalize the consequences of our disobedience against God:

“The serpent said to the woman, ‘You surely will not die!” (Genesis 3:4)

God said that disobedience would result in death (Gen. 2:17), Satan said that it would not. He then proceeds to call into question the goodness and motives of God Almighty. The devil portrays God as a jealous tyrant who merely wants to suppress Adam and Eve’s true potential and keep their “eyes closed” (Verse 5).

This same tactic is employed against the believer today. Temptation always over-promises the rewards of sin and negates the consequences. It leads us to believe that we can arbitrarily break the commandments of God and suffer no loss for it. It focuses our attention on the passion of the moment and diverts our thoughts away from considering the long term effects of our actions. And it always greatly magnifies the supposed “pleasure” we will reap by choosing to do things our own way rather than God’s.

Appeal To The Flesh

“When the woman saw that the tree was good for food…” (Genesis 3:6a)

The first target that the devil aims at during temptation is our flesh or our base desires. This was also the first thing that Satan targeted when he approached the Lord Jesus Christ:

“And the devil said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, tell this stone to become bread.” (Luke 4:3)

How successful the enemy has been by tempting us to fulfill our fleshly appetites in a way that God never intended! I have heard even non-believers comment about how many Christians seem to fall into sexual sins and how many ministries have been toppled by the lusts of certain preachers. Why is this so common? Because the enemy knows that it works. Sadly, for so many believers, no other appeal is necessary.

Appeal To The Mind

“…and that it was a delight to the eyes…” (Genesis 3:6b)

The second appeal is to man’s intellectual faculties. Temptation not only appeals to our fleshly appetites, but to our appreciation for that which is aesthetically pleasing. The fruit of the tree looked good to eat and it was also apparently nice to look at. The tree that bore the fruit of temptation was not an old, withered up little shrub off in the corner of the Garden of Eden. No, it was “in the middle of” the Garden, possibly right in the very center; alongside the Tree of Life. I do not think that God aggravated the temptation by making the beauty of this tree above the others, but I also do not think that there was anything particularly ugly or unattractive about it that might suggest its deadly qualities. I believe that there was actually nothing distinctive at all about it except for the fact that God chose to designate it as the single tree in the Garden that was off limits.

This is a facet of temptation that often gets us into trouble. We use our own reasoning and determine that there is nothing unappealing about the object of our desire, nothing that would suggest its danger to us. In fact, it looks quite the opposite. It looks good to us, how can it be wrong?

“And the devil, taking him up into an high mountain, shewed unto him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. And the devil said unto him, All this power will I give thee, and the glory of them: for that is delivered unto me; and to whomsoever I will I give it.”  (Luke 4:5-6 KJV)

Desires for money, possessions, and any appeals to our intrinsic greed and jealousy all fall into this category, as well.

Appeal To The Soul

“…and that the tree was desirable to make one wise…” (Genesis 3:6c)

Put quite simply, this is an appeal to man’s pride. Satan wields this particular aspect of temptation with such skill and cunning because this was the temptation that caused his own downfall. The desire to be like God and become a god himself had ensnared him (Isaiah 14:13-14), he believed that it would also ensnare Eve. And it did. “Ye shall be as gods” or, literally, “Ye shall be as God” was the promise that Satan made and he continues to promise people the same thing to this day. Prideful self-reliance and the rejection and denial of man’s need for God is a temptation that appeals to the very soul of man. The temptation to do things in our own strength and deny our need for God’s providence is a sin that often ensnares believers where nothing else will. Like the ascetic monks of the Middle Ages who denied all fleshly desires, gave away all earthly possessions, and yet went to gruesome extremes to demonstrate their confidence in their own piety, there are many believers today who resist the lusts of their flesh and eyes and yet fall headlong into this temptation.

“And he brought him to Jerusalem, and set him on a pinnacle of the temple, and said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down from hence: For it is written, He shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee: And in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone.” (Luke 4:9-11 KJV)

It wasn’t that Jesus could not have easily done this, but to do so would have meant rebellion against the will of God the Father Who had another plan in mind for the Lord Jesus Christ. He would demonstrate that He was in fact the Son of God, but He would do it God’s way and no other.

Doing It God’s Way

This is what temptation is really all about. Getting the believer to satisfy their own desires in a way that God does not intend them to. There were plenty of other trees in the Garden that were good for food. There were plenty of them that were beautiful to look at. And if Eve wanted wisdom, couldn’t she have asked God for it (see James 1:5)? There is always a way that God can satisfy our needs and pure desires in a way that glorifies Him. As for our impure desires, God can replace them with holy desires if we will trust Him to do so. The key is to let God satisfy us body, mind, and spirit and not give in to the enemy’s appeals.

“For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the boastful pride of life, is not from the Father, but is from the world.” (1 John 2:16)

To Jesus Christ goes all glory. In service to Him,


[This post was originally published August 21, 2009]

**Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations are taken from the New American Standard Bible (NASB) © The Lockman Foundation and are used by permission.

[If you do not know the Lord Jesus Christ or you are not certain where you are headed when this life ends, I invite you to read the article “Am I Going To Heaven?“]

Questioning The Word Of God

"...And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?" (Genesis 3:1b)

“…And he said to the woman, “Indeed, has God said, ‘You shall not eat from any tree of the garden?” (Genesis 3:1b)

The very first step that the devil took in tempting Eve was to call into question what God had said. The very first attack that he made was against the Word of God. Before anything else, the devil sought to undermine the authority of the Word of God on which Eve stood.

We still see this subtle attack being made against the Word of God today. It is appalling how many religions, cults, pseudo-Christian “denominations”, and various “isms” there are that take this very approach. Before they can lay out their heretical doctrines, they attack the integrity of God’s Word. It never ceases to amaze me how many groups and organizations are claiming that there is something wrong with the Bible that we are believing. It’s either been changed, or tampered with, or deliberately modified according to these people. Their primary message is that what God said in the Holy Bible is either not what He really said or not what He really meant.

“Did God say that you shall not eat of every tree of the garden?” has been replaced with, “Did God really say that there is a Hell?” or, “Did God really mean that Jesus is the only Way to be saved?” and, “Does the Bible really teach that Jesus Christ is God in the flesh?”  The great lengths that some religious groups have gone to in order to twist, torture, and mutilate the clear Word of God in order to prop up a non-Biblical doctrine is truly astounding. Some have gone so far as to just re-write their own version in order to try to make it say something it does not!

There is great debate in some religious circles as to whether or not the Bible that we have today is accurate, complete, and reflects the true message of God to man. There is a great deal of corroborating evidence that testifies to the integrity of the Bible that we have, but that is not what is really at the heart of the matter. The real issue is whether or not what the Bible says appeals to us or not. Is it convenient to believe what it says, or does it challenge us to be transformed? Does it show us in a favorable light, or does it really reveal our own depravity? Does it condone how we behave or does it compel us to become different?

People take two different approaches to the Word of God: They either change what they believe to conform with what it says or else they change what it says to conform with what they already believe.

Eve was actually in a position similar to our own.  Adam had been commanded directly from the mouth of God to not eat of the tree. Eve had really received the commandment second-hand, from the mouth of Adam. Today, we do not receive the Word of God directly from Him, we also have it passed down from those who have. My faith is not that the men and women who directly received the Word from God were able to pass down a preserved version of it, but that the same Holy Spirit Who inspired them to write His Words down is able to preserve a complete and accurate version so that I may know with all confidence that the Word of God that I have received is true and inerrant. I believe in the Bile’s authenticity because of the work of the Holy Spirit, not because of human wisdom and effort.

The heart of the matter for Eve wasn’t whether or not Adam had given her a true and accurate account of God’s Word, but that the Word she had been given conflicted with what she wanted to do. She saw that the tree was good for food, pleasant to the eyes, and desirable for attaining wisdom (Genesis 3:6). The Word of God got in the way of her own desires and either her desires or His Word had to be compromised. She made the wrong choice, will you?

To Jesus Christ goes all glory. In service to Him,


[This post was originally published August 17, 2009]

**Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations are taken from the New American Standard Bible (NASB) © The Lockman Foundation and are used by permission.

[If you do not know the Lord Jesus Christ or you are not certain where you are headed when this life ends, I invite you to read the article “Am I Going To Heaven?“]

Why Does God Allow Temptation?

"Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?" (Genesis 3:1)

“Now the serpent was more crafty than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said to the woman, “Indeed has God said, ‘You shall not eat from any tree of the garden?” (Genesis 3:1)

The very last verse of Genesis 2 says that Adam and Eve were both naked and they were not ashamed. In other words, they were completely innocent, they were unaware of what evil was. The third chapter of Genesis opens up with the serpent approaching Eve and asking her a question.

The most obvious question that we might have regarding this whole dialogue which results in the loss of innocence and the entry of sin and death into the world is this: Why did God allow the man and woman to be tempted in the first place? Wouldn’t it seem that God would bear responsibility for not shielding them from this danger?

In order to answer this, we must look at temptation itself from God’s perspective and determine what the purpose for it might be. From our standpoint, temptation is nothing more than a chance to fail, it seems like it is only a source of agony and suffering for us. But God allows it for a very real purpose.

The flip side of temptation and the possibility of falling that comes with it is that it also carries the opportunity to stand against it. Not only is the chance of failure there, so is the chance of success. It is through this trial of our faith that our character is built up and the reality of our trust in God is proven. God doesn’t allow temptation in order to tear us down, but to “prove” what we are made of. We might fail at times, but the temptations that we face will ultimately reveal our strength in Christ, not our weakness in the flesh.

“You shall remember all the way which the LORD your God has led you in the wilderness these forty years, that He might humble you, testing you, to know what was in your heart, whether you would keep His commandments or not.” (Deuteronomy 8:2)

Temptation doesn’t prove to God what we are made of, He already knows that, but rather it proves to us what He is made of. It humbles us and causes us to trust in Him and not ourselves. Adam and Eve had been given one single commandment to follow. If there had never arose any temptation to break it, the commandment would have been meaningless. Whether or not they truly believed and trusted God would never have been known to them if they did not have the opportunity or motivation to put that trust to the test. They could have stood against the temptation, they did not need to fall. They could have held fast to the Word that He had given them and not obeyed the voice of another. But they did what I am certain any of us could have easily done in the same situation; they took their eyes off of God if only for a moment and rather than proving God’s glorious provision, they proved man’s utter helplessness apart from Him.

The way to overcome temptation is not by firmly planting your own two feet into the ground and resolving to stand strong. It is to keep your eyes on God and to resolve to stand in Him. Temptation is not a chance to see if you can resist it or not, it is a chance to know that God can keep you from falling if you will keep your trust in Him.

To Jesus Christ goes all glory. In service to Him,


[This post was originally published August 16, 2009]

**Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations are taken from the New American Standard Bible (NASB) © The Lockman Foundation and are used by permission.

[If you do not know the Lord Jesus Christ or you are not certain where you are headed when this life ends, I invite you to read the article “Am I Going To Heaven?“]

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